Comparison of the Virulence of Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus

Sadao Mizobuchi, Junzaburo Minami, Fu Jin, Osamu Matsushita, Akinobu Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The virulence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was compared with that of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA), using 13 MRSA and 7 MSSA strains isolated from clinical specimens. The infectivity and lethality of the two groups were examined as to the inoculum required to infect 50% of guinea pigs (ID50) and to kill 50% of mice (LD50), respectively. The mean ID50 [logio colony forming units (CFU)] for MRSA strains was 7.1 ±0.60 standard deviation, which was 1.5 higher than that for MSSA strains (P < 0.001). The mean LD50 (logio CFU) for MRSA strains was 9.0±0.42, being 1.1 higher than that for MSSA strains (P = 0.001). Pretreatment of mice with cyclophosphamide decreased the mean LD50 for MRSA strains more than that for MSSA strains, resulting in the difference in the mean LD50 being insignificant (P = 0.502). These results indicate that MRSA is less virulent than MSSA in normal hosts, but that they are equally virulent in immunocompromised hosts. The growth of MRSA strains was much slower than that of MSSA strains in the lag phase, although their growth rates were almost the same in the exponential growth phase, suggesting that the difference in virulence between them may be at least partly due to such a difference in growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lethal
  • Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA)
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Virulence
  • dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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