The interaction of various metal ions with simple metal affinity ligands, 3-(hexadecylthio)propionic acid (HTP) and 2-(hexadecylthio)benzoic acid (HTB), was investigated in an organic/aqueous two-phase system and in a liposome system. Both ligands exhibited a high silver(I) affinity at low pH in the organic/aqueous two phase system but low selectivity in the extraction of other transition metal ions such as Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) above pH 6. On the other hand, remarkably different behavior for metal adsorption was observed in the liposome system with HTP and HTB. HTB lost the ability to interact with metal ions when modified on the liposome surface. This may be attributed to the formation of a hydrogen bond between the carboxyl group of the HTB and the phosphate group of the phospholipid. The HTP-modified liposome effectively adsorbed metal ions of the zinc family, such as Zn(II) and Cd(II), which could interact with the phosphate group of phospholipid, and also adsorbed those transition metal ions, which could be extracted in the organic/aqueous two-phase system. This may be caused by two functions of the liposome, i.e., a gate function for metal ions at the surface of the HTP-modified liposome and additional stabilization by interaction between Cu(II) and the phosphate group of the phospholipid.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Solvent Extraction Research and Development|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)