Background: The accuracies of various navigation systems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been described; however, the accuracy of cup orientation with an accelerometer-based navigation system has not been reported. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracies of computed tomography (CT)- and accelerometer-based navigation systems for cup orientation in THA. Methods: In this prospective study, 30 patients who underwent cementless THA via anterolateral approach in the lateral decubitus position were analysed. A CT-based navigation system (30 hips) and an accelerometer-based navigation system (30 hips) were used simultaneously. The accuracy of cup orientation (absolute difference between intraoperative vs. postoperative measurements) was compared between the navigation systems using postoperative CT. Results: The accuracy of cup inclination was 3.2 ± 2.4° in the CT-based navigation group and 4.1 ± 3.7° in the accelerometer-based navigation group (p = 0.3035). The accuracy of cup anteversion was 3.0° ± 2.5° in the CT-based navigation group and 6.8° ± 4.8° in the accelerometer-based navigation group. Cup anteversion was significantly more accurate with the CT-based navigation system than with accelerometer-based navigation (p = 0.0009). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the malposition in cup anteversion was positively correlated with the change in pelvic tilt and loosening of the reference antenna. Conclusions: Although, these results are only true for this specific accelerometer system, cup positioning was significantly more accurate with the CT-based navigation system than an accelerometer-based navigation in the lateral decubitus position. This is because of considerable discrepancies in the sagittal pelvic tilt, resulting in variability in cup anteversion angle with the use of an accelerometer-based navigation system.
- navigation system
- prospective study
- total hip replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine