Comparison of hypervariable regions (HVR1 and HVR2) in positive- and negative-stranded hepatitis C virus RNA in cancerous and non-cancerous liver tissue, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and serum from a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma

Satoru Saito, Nobuyuki Kato, Makoto Hijikata, Toshiaki Gunji, Masayuki Itabashi, Masaaki Kondo, Katsuaki Tanaka, Kunitada Shimotohno

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with a wide spectrum of liver diseases including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although the biological relation between the virus and cirrhosis or HCC is unclear, such variable pathogenicity may be related to the genetic heterogeneity of HCV. Genetic variability of HCV was assessed by determining the nucleotide sequence corresponding to the hypervariable regions (HVR1 and HVR2) of the putative envelope protein (E2/NSI) in positive- and negative- stranded HCV RNA from the cancerous and surrounding non-cancerous liver tissue, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and serum of a patient with HCC. Nineteen distinct HVR1 amino acid sequences (deduced from the nucleotide sequences) were obtained from the patient and could be classified into 5 groups on the basis of the site and time of detection. Some viral isolates with the same HVR1 sequence were shown to replicate in both cancerous and non-cancerous liver tissue, whereas others replicated in HCC tissue only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-203
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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