Comparison of differential diagnostic capabilities of 201Tl scintigraphy and fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules

Yoshihiro Okumura, Yoshihiro Takeda, Shuhei Sato, Megumi Komatsu, Tomio Nakagawa, Shiro Akaki, Masahiro Kuroda, Ikuo Joja, Yoshio Hiraki

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Abstract

We assessed the ability of 201Tl planar scintigraphy and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy to differentiate malignant from benign lesions by comparing the findings of these techniques with those of surgical histopathology for 107 patients with 109 thyroid nodules. Methods: 201Tl (74 MBq) was injected intravenously, and an early image and a delayed image were acquired after 10 and 120 min, respectively, for 10 min each. For 201Tl planar scintigraphy, accumulation of the tracer in the nodules was visually scored and the nodules were grouped. Group A showed high activity in both early and delayed images. Group B revealed high activity in only the early image. Group C showed activity in the early image equal to that in normal tissues. Quantitative calculation of the washout rate was less than 0 in group Cl and 0 or higher in group Cll. Group D revealed low activity in the early image and variable activity in the delayed image. Three differential diagnosis methods were used for 201Tl planar scintigraphy: method 1, in which only group A was considered malignant; method 2, in which both group A and group B were considered malignant; and method 3, in which groups A, B and Cl were considered malignant. FNA results were assessed and classified by experienced pathologists. Two differential diagnosis methods were used for FNA: method a, in which malignancy was assigned to class IV (probably malignant or higher), and method b, in which malignancy was assigned to class III (possibly malignant or higher). Results: Concerning 201Tl methods 1, 2 and 3, sensitivity was 74.0%, 84.0% and 92.0%, respectively; specificity was 83.1%, 64.4% and 54.2%, respectively; and accuracy was 78.9%, 73.4% and 71.6%, respectively. For FNA, method a and method b had a sensitivity of 36.0% and 50.0%, respectively, and a specificity of 96.6% and 64.7%, respectively. The accuracy of both methods was 68.8%. For follicular lesions, sensitivity ranged from 80.0% to 90.0% for 201Tl scintigraphy and from 10.0% to 30.0% for FNA. Conclusion: 201Tl planar scintigraphy was found to be easier to use and more accurate than FNA in the differentiation of diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules based on visual scoring combined with quantitative evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1971-1977
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume40
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Tl planar scintigraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Okumura, Y., Takeda, Y., Sato, S., Komatsu, M., Nakagawa, T., Akaki, S., Kuroda, M., Joja, I., & Hiraki, Y. (1999). Comparison of differential diagnostic capabilities of 201Tl scintigraphy and fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 40(12), 1971-1977.