Comparison of Acyclovir and Vidarabine in Immunocomtxomised Children with Varicella‐Zoster virus Infection

Taiji Kunitomi, Ayumi Akazai, Masanori Ikeda, Megumi Oda, Nobuyuki Kodani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intravenous acyclovir and vidarabine were compared in the treatment of varicella‐zoster virus (VZV) infection in 25 immunocompromised children ‐ 13 with acute lymphocytic leukemia, three with other types of cancer, two with immunodeficiency and in seven undergoing prednisolone treatment. Thirteen had varicella and 12 had herpes zoster. Acyclovir was given intravenously to five patients with varicella and to four with herpes zoster at a dose of 5–10 mg/kg every eight hours. Vidarabine was given intravenously to eight patients with varicella and to eight with herpes zoster at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day. In varicella, vidarabine significantly shortened the time from the start of treatment to cessation of new lesion formation compared with acyclovir. However, there was no significant difference in time to complete crusting between the two treatments. In herpes zoster, acyclovir significantly shortened the time from the onset of the skin lesions to complete crusting. A slight raise of GOT in two cases was reported. While acyclovir and vidarabine were equally effective for VZV infection, in herpes zoster acyclovir was more effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-705
Number of pages4
JournalPediatrics International
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

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Keywords

  • Acyclovir
  • Cancer
  • lmmunocompromised children
  • Varicella‐zoster
  • Vidarabine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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