Comparison of 5-fluorouracil-related gene expression levels between adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the lung

Hiromi Ishihama, Masayuki Chida, Osamu Araki, Yoko Karube, Norio Seki, Motohiko Tamura, Hideo Umezu, Koichi Honma, Nobuhide Masawa, Shinichiro Miyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A recent meta-analysis study showed that post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy with UFT, an oral combination drug composed of tegafur [prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] and uracil [inhibitor of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)] was associated with improved survival in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, but not in those with lung squamous cell carcinomas. Methods: We investigated the 5-FU-related gene expression levels of thymidylate synthase (TS), DPD, thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT) in resected tumor specimens from 51 patients with adenocarcinomas and 47 with squamous cell carcinomas using quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, and compared those levels between the two histological types. Results: The relative gene expression values of TS, TP and OPRT were significantly lower in adenocarcinomas compared with squamous cell carcinomas, 1.60 ± 0.86 versus 4.33 ± 3.40 (P < 0.001), 0.84 ± 0.52 versus 2.27 ± 1.16 (P = 0.006) and 9.59 ± 6.30 versus 16.94 ± 12.04 (P < 0.001), respectively. The relative gene expression value of DPD was significantly greater in adenocarcinomas than those in squamous cell carcinomas, 2.33 ± 1.22 versus 1.50 ± 1.20 (P = 0.01). Lower expressions of TS and TP were observed more in adenocarcinomas (89.8%) than in squamous cell carcinomas (48.9%) (P < 0.001). Conclusion: These data may explain that post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy with UFT was associated with improved survival in stage I patients with adenocarcinoma, but less with squamous cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese journal of clinical oncology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Lung cancer
  • Orotate phosphoribosyl transferase
  • Thymidylate synthase
  • UFT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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