Background: A recent meta-analysis study showed that post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy with UFT, an oral combination drug composed of tegafur [prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] and uracil [inhibitor of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)] was associated with improved survival in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, but not in those with lung squamous cell carcinomas. Methods: We investigated the 5-FU-related gene expression levels of thymidylate synthase (TS), DPD, thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT) in resected tumor specimens from 51 patients with adenocarcinomas and 47 with squamous cell carcinomas using quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, and compared those levels between the two histological types. Results: The relative gene expression values of TS, TP and OPRT were significantly lower in adenocarcinomas compared with squamous cell carcinomas, 1.60 ± 0.86 versus 4.33 ± 3.40 (P < 0.001), 0.84 ± 0.52 versus 2.27 ± 1.16 (P = 0.006) and 9.59 ± 6.30 versus 16.94 ± 12.04 (P < 0.001), respectively. The relative gene expression value of DPD was significantly greater in adenocarcinomas than those in squamous cell carcinomas, 2.33 ± 1.22 versus 1.50 ± 1.20 (P = 0.01). Lower expressions of TS and TP were observed more in adenocarcinomas (89.8%) than in squamous cell carcinomas (48.9%) (P < 0.001). Conclusion: These data may explain that post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy with UFT was associated with improved survival in stage I patients with adenocarcinoma, but less with squamous cell carcinoma.
- Gene expression
- Lung cancer
- Orotate phosphoribosyl transferase
- Thymidylate synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research