Comparison between loose fragment chondrocytes and condyle fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation

Naoki Takata, Takayuki Furumatsu, Nobuhiro Abe, Keiji Naruse, Toshihumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Loose fragments in spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) are usually removed by surgical treatment. However, the healing potential of osteonecrotic loose fragments and their clinical availability, for example as a cell source for cartilage repair and tissue engineering, have not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular proliferation and redifferentiation ability of loose fragment chondrocytes for the treatment of SONK. Methods Cells were obtained from the remaining cartilage of chondral loose fragments or fibrocartilaginous tissue under the affected femoral condyle in SONK. The proliferation activity of loose fragment-derived chondrocytes and condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes was evaluated. In-vitro differentiation ability was assessed by PCR and histological analysis. Results The deposition of proteoglycans and type II collagen were maintained in loose fragments. However, loose fragment-derived chondrocytes had lower proliferating activity than condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes. Chondrogenic redifferentiation ability was lower in loose fragment chondrocytes than in condyle fibrochondrocytes. Differentiation towards adipogenic and osteogenic lineages was not observed in loose fragment chondrocytes. On the other hand, lipid vacuoles were detected in fibrochondrocytes after adipogenic treatment. Conclusions This study demonstrated that loose fragment- derived chondrocytes in SONK had lower potential than fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation. Our experimental results suggest that osteonecrotic loose fragments might have restricted cellular properties in the healing of SONK-related osteochondral defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-597
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Science
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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Chondrocytes
Osteonecrosis
Cell Proliferation
Knee
Bone and Bones
Cartilage
Collagen Type II
Proteoglycans
Tissue Engineering
Thigh
Vacuoles
Lipids
Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Comparison between loose fragment chondrocytes and condyle fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation",
abstract = "Background Loose fragments in spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) are usually removed by surgical treatment. However, the healing potential of osteonecrotic loose fragments and their clinical availability, for example as a cell source for cartilage repair and tissue engineering, have not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular proliferation and redifferentiation ability of loose fragment chondrocytes for the treatment of SONK. Methods Cells were obtained from the remaining cartilage of chondral loose fragments or fibrocartilaginous tissue under the affected femoral condyle in SONK. The proliferation activity of loose fragment-derived chondrocytes and condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes was evaluated. In-vitro differentiation ability was assessed by PCR and histological analysis. Results The deposition of proteoglycans and type II collagen were maintained in loose fragments. However, loose fragment-derived chondrocytes had lower proliferating activity than condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes. Chondrogenic redifferentiation ability was lower in loose fragment chondrocytes than in condyle fibrochondrocytes. Differentiation towards adipogenic and osteogenic lineages was not observed in loose fragment chondrocytes. On the other hand, lipid vacuoles were detected in fibrochondrocytes after adipogenic treatment. Conclusions This study demonstrated that loose fragment- derived chondrocytes in SONK had lower potential than fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation. Our experimental results suggest that osteonecrotic loose fragments might have restricted cellular properties in the healing of SONK-related osteochondral defects.",
author = "Naoki Takata and Takayuki Furumatsu and Nobuhiro Abe and Keiji Naruse and Toshihumi Ozaki",
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T1 - Comparison between loose fragment chondrocytes and condyle fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation

AU - Takata, Naoki

AU - Furumatsu, Takayuki

AU - Abe, Nobuhiro

AU - Naruse, Keiji

AU - Ozaki, Toshihumi

PY - 2011/9

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N2 - Background Loose fragments in spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) are usually removed by surgical treatment. However, the healing potential of osteonecrotic loose fragments and their clinical availability, for example as a cell source for cartilage repair and tissue engineering, have not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular proliferation and redifferentiation ability of loose fragment chondrocytes for the treatment of SONK. Methods Cells were obtained from the remaining cartilage of chondral loose fragments or fibrocartilaginous tissue under the affected femoral condyle in SONK. The proliferation activity of loose fragment-derived chondrocytes and condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes was evaluated. In-vitro differentiation ability was assessed by PCR and histological analysis. Results The deposition of proteoglycans and type II collagen were maintained in loose fragments. However, loose fragment-derived chondrocytes had lower proliferating activity than condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes. Chondrogenic redifferentiation ability was lower in loose fragment chondrocytes than in condyle fibrochondrocytes. Differentiation towards adipogenic and osteogenic lineages was not observed in loose fragment chondrocytes. On the other hand, lipid vacuoles were detected in fibrochondrocytes after adipogenic treatment. Conclusions This study demonstrated that loose fragment- derived chondrocytes in SONK had lower potential than fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation. Our experimental results suggest that osteonecrotic loose fragments might have restricted cellular properties in the healing of SONK-related osteochondral defects.

AB - Background Loose fragments in spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) are usually removed by surgical treatment. However, the healing potential of osteonecrotic loose fragments and their clinical availability, for example as a cell source for cartilage repair and tissue engineering, have not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cellular proliferation and redifferentiation ability of loose fragment chondrocytes for the treatment of SONK. Methods Cells were obtained from the remaining cartilage of chondral loose fragments or fibrocartilaginous tissue under the affected femoral condyle in SONK. The proliferation activity of loose fragment-derived chondrocytes and condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes was evaluated. In-vitro differentiation ability was assessed by PCR and histological analysis. Results The deposition of proteoglycans and type II collagen were maintained in loose fragments. However, loose fragment-derived chondrocytes had lower proliferating activity than condyle-derived fibrochondrocytes. Chondrogenic redifferentiation ability was lower in loose fragment chondrocytes than in condyle fibrochondrocytes. Differentiation towards adipogenic and osteogenic lineages was not observed in loose fragment chondrocytes. On the other hand, lipid vacuoles were detected in fibrochondrocytes after adipogenic treatment. Conclusions This study demonstrated that loose fragment- derived chondrocytes in SONK had lower potential than fibrochondrocytes in cellular proliferation and redifferentiation. Our experimental results suggest that osteonecrotic loose fragments might have restricted cellular properties in the healing of SONK-related osteochondral defects.

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