Salt stress reduces wheat yield. Therefore, improvement for enhanced salt stress tolerance is necessary for stable production. To understand the molecular mechanism of salt tolerance in common wheat and synthetic hexaploid (SH) wheat, RNA sequencing was performed on the roots of three wheat lines salt-tolerant SH wheat, salt-tolerant common wheat, and salt-sensitive common wheat. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in response to salt stress were characterized using gene ontology enrichment analysis. Salt tolerance in common wheat has been suggested to be mainly regulated by the activation of transporters. In contrast, salt tolerance in SH wheat is enhanced through up-regulation of the reactive oxygen species signaling pathway, other unknown pathways, and different ERF transcription factors. These results indicate that salt tolerance is differentially controlled between common wheat and SH wheat. Furthermore, QTL analysis was performed using the F2 population derived from SH and salt-sensitive wheat. No statistically significant QTL was detected, suggesting that numerous QTLs with negligible contributions are involved in salt tolerance in SH wheat. We also identified DEGs specific to each line near one probable QTL. These findings show that SH wheat possesses salt tolerance mechanisms lacking in common wheat and may be potential breeding material for salt tolerance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas