Comparative study on the inhibitory effects of α-tocopherol and radon on carbon tetrachloride-induced renal damage.

Takahiro Kataoka, Keiko Yamato, Yuichi Nishiyama, Yuji Morii, Reo Etani, Yuji Takata, Katsumi Hanamoto, Atsuishi Kawabe, Akihiro Sakoda, Yuu Ishimori, Takehito Taguchi, Kiyonori Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the 2011 nuclear accident in Fukushima, the effects of low-dose irradiation, especially internal exposure, are at the forefront of everyone's attention. However, low-dose radiation induced various stimulating effects such as activation of antioxidative and immune functions. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the quantitative effects of the activation of antioxidative activities in kidney induced by radon inhalation on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced renal damage. Mice were subjected to intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of CCl4 after inhaling approximately 1000 or 2000 Bq/m3 radon for 24 h, or immediately after i.p. injection of α-tocopherol (100, 300, or 500 mg/kg bodyweight). In case of renal function, radon inhalation at a concentration of 2000 Bq/m3 has the inhibitory effects similar to α-tocopherol treatment at a dose of 300-500 mg/kg bodyweight. The activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase in kidneys were significantly higher in mice exposed to radon as compared to mice treated with CCl4 alone. These findings suggest that radon inhalation has an antioxidative effect against CCl4-induced renal damage similar to the antioxidative effects of α-tocopherol due to induction of antioxidative functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181-1187
Number of pages7
JournalRenal failure
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology

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