Comparative study on altered hepatic metabolism of CYP3A substrates in rats with glycerol-induced acute renal failure

Jun Ichi Kusaba, Noriko Kajikawa, Hiromu Kawasaki, Yuji Kurosaki, Tetsuya Aiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the mechanism accounting for the diverse alteration of hepatic metabolism of CYP3A substrates observed with renal function being severely impaired, the hepatic drug metabolizing activity was evaluated using liver microsomes prepared from rats with glycerol-induced acute renal failure (ARF). Midazolam, nifedipine and rifabutin were employed as representative CYP3A substrates. When the Michaelis-Menten parameters, K m and V max, were examined in the incubation study, the K m values of midazolam and nifedipine in ARF rats were shown to decrease by 50.9% and 29.9% compared with the normal value, respectively. The Vmax values of midazolam and nifedipine in ARF rats also decreased by 49.3% and 28.0%, respectively, showing that their decreased Km values accompanied the decreased Vmax values. The parameters of nifedipine seemed to alter to a lesser extent than those of midazolam. As for rifabutin metabolism, the decrease in the K m value was observed in ARF rats, but it did not accompany the decrease in the V max value. Then, the hepatic expressions of the CYP3A subfamily were examined with western blotting using anti-CYP3A1 and anti-CYP3A2 antibodies. It was revealed that the hepatic expression of CYP3A2 decreased, while that of CYP3A1 was unaffected. Additionally, a band signal deduced to originate from CYP3A9 was clearly detected in ARF, but not in normal rats. Considering each substrate having different specificities for CYP3A subfamily member proteins, individual alterations of hepatic CYP3A subfamily expression seem to underlie the diverse alterations of hepatic metabolism of CYP3A substrates in ARF rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalBiopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Hepatic drug metabolism
  • Midazolam
  • Nifedipine
  • Rifabutin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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