Comparative study of apatite formation on CaSiO3 ceramics prepared by glass crystallization and sintering methods in simulated body fluid

Y. Limori, Yoshikazu Kameshima, A. Yasumori, K. Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) formation in simulated body fluid (SBF) was investigated in CaSiO3 ceramics of slightly silica rich composition (Ca/Si=0.9) prepared by glass crystallization and sintering methods. The starting CaSiO3 powders were prepared by coprecipitation using NH4OH as a precipitant. The ground CaSiO3 powders were sintered at 1400°C for 2h. Crystallized glass samples were prepared by melting at 1600°C, quenching in water, grinding the powder, densifying and crystallizing the pelletized ground glass powder at 900-1400°C. The resulting crystalline phases are wollastonite (Wo) in the samples fired at 900-1100°C, Wo and pseudowollastonite (Pw) at 1200°C, and Pw and cristobalite at 1300-1400°C. The bulk density of the sintered sample was 2.42 g/cm3 while those of the crystallized glass samples were 2.57-2.71 g/cm3. All the samples were soaked in SBF using a sample/solution ratio of 8mg/ml at 36.5°C for 1-25 days. The sintered sample and glass sample crystallized at 1400°C showed HAp formation after soaking for 3 days, with an HAp layer forming on the surfaces after longer soaking. On the other hand, the glass sample crystallized at 900°C showed no apatite formation even after prolonged soaking (25 days). Differences in the microstructures and phases formed in these two types of sample are thought to give rise to the difference in HAp formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1965-1968
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume264-268
Issue numberIII
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Apatites
Body fluids
Apatite
Crystallization
Sintering
Durapatite
Hydroxyapatite
Glass
Powders
Silicon Dioxide
Coprecipitation
Glass ceramics
Quenching
Melting
Silica
Crystalline materials
Microstructure
calcium silicate
Water
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Bioactive materials
  • CaSiO ceramics
  • Glass crystallization
  • Hydroxyapatite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Comparative study of apatite formation on CaSiO3 ceramics prepared by glass crystallization and sintering methods in simulated body fluid. / Limori, Y.; Kameshima, Yoshikazu; Yasumori, A.; Okada, K.

In: Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 264-268, No. III, 2004, p. 1965-1968.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Hydroxyapatite (HAp) formation in simulated body fluid (SBF) was investigated in CaSiO3 ceramics of slightly silica rich composition (Ca/Si=0.9) prepared by glass crystallization and sintering methods. The starting CaSiO3 powders were prepared by coprecipitation using NH4OH as a precipitant. The ground CaSiO3 powders were sintered at 1400°C for 2h. Crystallized glass samples were prepared by melting at 1600°C, quenching in water, grinding the powder, densifying and crystallizing the pelletized ground glass powder at 900-1400°C. The resulting crystalline phases are wollastonite (Wo) in the samples fired at 900-1100°C, Wo and pseudowollastonite (Pw) at 1200°C, and Pw and cristobalite at 1300-1400°C. The bulk density of the sintered sample was 2.42 g/cm3 while those of the crystallized glass samples were 2.57-2.71 g/cm3. All the samples were soaked in SBF using a sample/solution ratio of 8mg/ml at 36.5°C for 1-25 days. The sintered sample and glass sample crystallized at 1400°C showed HAp formation after soaking for 3 days, with an HAp layer forming on the surfaces after longer soaking. On the other hand, the glass sample crystallized at 900°C showed no apatite formation even after prolonged soaking (25 days). Differences in the microstructures and phases formed in these two types of sample are thought to give rise to the difference in HAp formation.",
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