Comparative Histologic and Molecular Analysis of 2 Recurrent Lesions Showing Different Magnetic Resonance Imaging Responses After Bevacizumab Treatment: Report of a Case of Anaplastic Astrocytoma

Yoshihiro Otani, Tomotsugu Ichikawa, Atsuhito Uneda, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Joji Ishida, Isao Date

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We report the case of a patient with anaplastic astrocytoma whose 2 recurrent lesions showed different imaging responses from one another after bevacizumab treatment. Histologic and genetic features of this patient are also described. Case Description: A 31-year-old patient with left temporal anaplastic astrocytoma had surgery, local radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Recurrent lesions appeared in the cerebellar vermis and left cerebellar hemisphere, and the patient was started on biweekly bevacizumab. Subsequently, the 2 enhanced lesions showed different response patterns on magnetic resonance imaging. Although the lesion in the cerebellar vermis showed an enlargement of enhancing mass, the lesion in the left cerebellar hemisphere showed disappearance of enhancement. We resected the cerebellar vermis lesion and performed biopsy on the cerebellar hemisphere lesion. The specimens were investigated. Both recurrent lesions showed higher Ki-67 labeling indices and pericyte proliferation, and less angiogenesis compared with the initial specimen. Transmission electron microscopy showed a reduction in the distance between the endothelial cells and tumor cells in both recurrent lesions, compared with the initial lesion. However, the tight junctions in the vermian lesion were still disrupted compared with the initial lesion and the cerebellar hemispheric lesion. Genetic analysis of the initial specimen showed proneural signature; however, the recurrent vermian lesion exhibited decreased expression of proneural markers. Conclusions: We report a case of anaplastic astrocytoma with 2 different imaging responses to bevacizumab. Our analysis suggests that differences in tight junctions possibly contributed to the changes on magnetic resonance imaging observed after bevacizumab treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-471.e1
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Glioblastoma
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Vascular structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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