Combustion and Exhaust Emissions of Biogas Dual-Fuel Engines

Eiji Tomita, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Ulugbek Azimov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Biogas can be utilized in dual-fuel engines because of higher thermal efficiency. Biogas is supplied from intake port and liquid diesel fuel is injected in the cylinder directly. The combustion starts from the autoignition of a mixture of vaporized liquid fuel, further igniting biogas and air mixture. The initial combustion occurs at multi points, leading to certain and stable ignition followed by turbulent combustion. At first, visualization of the dual-fuel combustion with micro pilot injection is presented. The effects of liquid fuel injected, biogas flow rate, load, carbon dioxide (CO2) ratio in biogas, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), compression ratio, H2 addition, pre-heating and other parameters are reviewed based on the literatures. Next, an example of the combustion achieving higher output and thermal efficiency with micro pilot dual-fuel combustion is described, as well as exhaust emissions. After the premixed mixture is autoignited in the end-gas region in latter half of the combustion, pressure oscillation does not occur in some conditions and transition to abnormal knocking combustion is avoided. The effect of CO2 ratio on PREMIER combustion was investigated and it was found that with higher concentrations of CO2 it was easier to keep control of PREMIER combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages43-72
Number of pages30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
ISSN (Print)2191-530X
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5318

Keywords

  • Autoignition
  • Biogas
  • Combustion
  • Dual-fuel engine
  • Exhaust emissions
  • Gas engine
  • Knocking
  • PREMIER combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mathematics(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Engineering(all)

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