Combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics in the supercharged engine ignited with gas oil fueled by pyrolysis gas generated from biomass

Nobuhiko Fukatani, Eiji Tomita, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Keiji Maruyama, Tetsuo Komoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyrolysis gas produced from woody and waste biomass is considered as one of very important fuels to establish a sustainable society. In this study, a supercharged single cylinder gas engine with micro pilot ignition by gas oil was used. This ignition system has an advantage of large energy source, long period for ignition and stable ignition compared to the spark ignition system. Four types of artificial pyrolysis gases that were compressed into high pressure vessels were used. Compositions of these gases were H2, CO, CO 2, CH4 and N2. Combustion was visualized by using a high-speed color video camera from the bottom of the quartz piston. The pressure history was analyzed to obtain the rate of heat release in order to investigate combustion characteristics. Exhaust emissions of NOx, HC, CO and smoke were measured. Many ignition kernels produced by the iginition of gas oil initiate flame propagation of gas/air mixture and then flames move toward the wall of cylinder. Effects of injection timing, gas composition and equivalence ratio on engine performance were studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1344
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume73
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Fingerprint

exhaust emission
biomass
Gas oils
pyrolysis
engines
Biomass
Pyrolysis
oils
Ignition
Engines
Ignition systems
ignition
Gases
gases
ignition systems
Engine cylinders
Gas engines
Video cameras
Pressure vessels
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Dual fuel
  • Emissions
  • Internal combustion engine
  • Pyrolysis gas
  • Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{51750eb15e8a48cf87222fc6c295065b,
title = "Combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics in the supercharged engine ignited with gas oil fueled by pyrolysis gas generated from biomass",
abstract = "Pyrolysis gas produced from woody and waste biomass is considered as one of very important fuels to establish a sustainable society. In this study, a supercharged single cylinder gas engine with micro pilot ignition by gas oil was used. This ignition system has an advantage of large energy source, long period for ignition and stable ignition compared to the spark ignition system. Four types of artificial pyrolysis gases that were compressed into high pressure vessels were used. Compositions of these gases were H2, CO, CO 2, CH4 and N2. Combustion was visualized by using a high-speed color video camera from the bottom of the quartz piston. The pressure history was analyzed to obtain the rate of heat release in order to investigate combustion characteristics. Exhaust emissions of NOx, HC, CO and smoke were measured. Many ignition kernels produced by the iginition of gas oil initiate flame propagation of gas/air mixture and then flames move toward the wall of cylinder. Effects of injection timing, gas composition and equivalence ratio on engine performance were studied.",
keywords = "Biomass, Dual fuel, Emissions, Internal combustion engine, Pyrolysis gas, Visualization",
author = "Nobuhiko Fukatani and Eiji Tomita and Nobuyuki Kawahara and Keiji Maruyama and Tetsuo Komoda",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "1337--1344",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics in the supercharged engine ignited with gas oil fueled by pyrolysis gas generated from biomass

AU - Fukatani, Nobuhiko

AU - Tomita, Eiji

AU - Kawahara, Nobuyuki

AU - Maruyama, Keiji

AU - Komoda, Tetsuo

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - Pyrolysis gas produced from woody and waste biomass is considered as one of very important fuels to establish a sustainable society. In this study, a supercharged single cylinder gas engine with micro pilot ignition by gas oil was used. This ignition system has an advantage of large energy source, long period for ignition and stable ignition compared to the spark ignition system. Four types of artificial pyrolysis gases that were compressed into high pressure vessels were used. Compositions of these gases were H2, CO, CO 2, CH4 and N2. Combustion was visualized by using a high-speed color video camera from the bottom of the quartz piston. The pressure history was analyzed to obtain the rate of heat release in order to investigate combustion characteristics. Exhaust emissions of NOx, HC, CO and smoke were measured. Many ignition kernels produced by the iginition of gas oil initiate flame propagation of gas/air mixture and then flames move toward the wall of cylinder. Effects of injection timing, gas composition and equivalence ratio on engine performance were studied.

AB - Pyrolysis gas produced from woody and waste biomass is considered as one of very important fuels to establish a sustainable society. In this study, a supercharged single cylinder gas engine with micro pilot ignition by gas oil was used. This ignition system has an advantage of large energy source, long period for ignition and stable ignition compared to the spark ignition system. Four types of artificial pyrolysis gases that were compressed into high pressure vessels were used. Compositions of these gases were H2, CO, CO 2, CH4 and N2. Combustion was visualized by using a high-speed color video camera from the bottom of the quartz piston. The pressure history was analyzed to obtain the rate of heat release in order to investigate combustion characteristics. Exhaust emissions of NOx, HC, CO and smoke were measured. Many ignition kernels produced by the iginition of gas oil initiate flame propagation of gas/air mixture and then flames move toward the wall of cylinder. Effects of injection timing, gas composition and equivalence ratio on engine performance were studied.

KW - Biomass

KW - Dual fuel

KW - Emissions

KW - Internal combustion engine

KW - Pyrolysis gas

KW - Visualization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34548255034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34548255034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34548255034

VL - 73

SP - 1337

EP - 1344

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 6

ER -