Combining poly-arginine with the hydrophobic counter-anion 4-(1-pyrenyl)-butyric acid for protein transduction in transdermal delivery

Gerile Candan, Hiroyuki Michiue, Sanae Ishikawa, Atsushi Fujimura, Keiichiro Hayashi, Atsuhito Uneda, Akiko Mori, Iori Ohmori, Tei-ichi Nishiki, Hideki Matsui, Kazuhito Tomizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Topical therapy is the most favored form of treatment for whitening against hyperpigmentation and sunburn because it lends itself to self-administration, patient compliance, and absence of systemic adverse effects. However, transdermal delivery of hydrophilic chemicals is difficult. The main purpose of this study is to develop a delivering system of hydrophilic drugs and proteins across the skin. Hydroquinone (HQ), a well-known tyrosinase inhibitor and antimelanogenesis compound, and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were fused with eleven poly-arginine (11R). Both HQ-11R and EGFP-11R were efficiently delivered in B16 cells, a mouse melanoma cell line. HQ-11R was as effective as HQ alone at inhibiting melanin synthesis in B16 cells. EGFP-11R was efficiently delivered into cells of the epidermis with 4-(1-pyrenyl)-butyric acid (PB), a counteranion bearing an aromatic hydrophobic moiety, in vivo, but EGFP alone or EGFP-11R without PB was not. Finally, topical application of HQ-11R with PB significantly inhibited UV irradiation-induced pigmentation in guinea pigs compared with HQ alone. These results suggest that topical therapy using poly-arginine in combination with PB is useful for the delivery of hydrophilic drugs and proteins by the transdermal route.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6468-6475
Number of pages8
JournalBiomaterials
Volume33
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Hydroquinone
  • Poly-arginine
  • Protein transduction
  • Tat
  • Transdermal delivery
  • Tyrosinase inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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