Combination Therapy of Cholinesterase Inhibitor (Donepezil or Galantamine) plus Memantine in the Okayama Memantine Study

Kosuke Matsuzono, Nozomi Hishikawa, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Kentaro Deguchi, Yumiko Nakano, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Objective: To compare the effectiveness of combination therapy with cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI) plus memantine in all AD patients and in older AD patients (age >75 years). Methods: The Okayama Memantine Study was used to compare the clinical effects of combination therapy of donepezil plus memantine (n = 61) or galantamine plus memantine (n = 53) in all AD patients, and in older AD patients separately, with six batteries at baseline, at 6 months with ChEI only monotherapy, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after addition of memantine to the treatment schedule (18 months total). Results: The addition of memantine resulted in stabilization of the Mini-Mental State Examination scores and Hasegawa dementia rating for 6 months, and then significantly declined at 12 months in both subgroups. Frontal assessment battery (FAB) declined significantly at 12 months after memantine addition in the donepezil subgroup, while the galantamine subgroup significantly improved at 6 months. Affective functions were well preserved after memantine addition until 12 months, except for the apathy scale at 12 months after memantine addition in the galantamine subgroup. The combination therapy of donepezil plus memantine was better for apathy in older AD patients, and galantamine plus memantine was better for cognitive functions. Conclusions: The addition of memantine stabilized cognitive scores for 6 months and affective scores for 12 months in the donepezil subgroup. Additionally, memantine significantly improved FAB at 6 months in the galantamine subgroup although apathy scale became significantly worse at 12 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-780
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Alzheimer's disease
  • combination therapy
  • donepezil
  • galantamine
  • memantine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this