The no reflow phenomenon and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction are surrogate markers of poor outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We studied the relationship between contrast perfusion defects and restrictive filling patterns for predicting prognosis after MI. Mitral inflow velocity and myocardial contrast perfusion were studied 2 weeks after reperfusion in 226 consecutive patients with acute MI. The cohort was divided into two groups according to the number of perfusion defect segments (PD); large-PD and small-PD. Mitral inflow was classified into two categories according to deceleration time; non-restrictive and restrictive. The patients were divided into 4 groups (small-PD/non-restrictive, n = 124; small-PD/restrictive, n = 29; large-PD/non-restrictive, n = 50; large-PD/restrictive, n = 23). LV end-diastolic volume index was the greatest and cardiac event rate was the highest in large-PD/restrictive, followed by large-PD/ non-restrictive, small-PD/restrictive, and by small- PD/non-restrictive (81 ± 19 vs. 74 ± 17 vs. 66 ± 19 vs. 59 ± 15ml/m2, events: 61 % vs. 16% vs. 14% vs. 8 %). Multivariate analysis revealed the large-PD is the most powerful predictive factor related to cardiac events (odds ratio = 5.5, P = 0.004) followed by the restrictive filing pattern (4.3, P = 0.005). Co-existence of large-PD and restrictive filling is a strong predictor of adverse outcomes in the patients with MI.
- Ccontrast medium
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)