Combination of oncolytic adenovirotherapy and Bax gene therapy in human cancer xenografted models. Potential merits and hurdles for combination therapy

Masayoshi Hioki, Shunsuke Kagawa, Toshiya Fujiwara, Ryo Sakai, Toru Kojima, Yuichi Watanabe, Yuuri Hashimoto, Futoshi Uno, Noriaki Tanaka, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer gene therapy and oncolytic virotherapy have been studied extensively. However, their clinical application is hampered by their weak anticancer activity. We previously constructed a replicating adenovirus (OBP-301, Telomelysin), in which the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter drives expression of the adenoviral E1 genes, and causes selective lysis of human cancer cells. We hypothesized that combination adenoviral therapy containing OBP-301 and a nonreplicating adenovirus expressing the proapoptotic Bax gene could overcome the weakness and augment the anticancer efficacy of each modality. Combination treatment resulted in marked Bax protein expression and enhanced efficacy in in vitro cell viability assay, when compared with either single treatment. However, combination treatment was not as effective in suppressing both subcutaneous and pleural disseminated tumors compared with OBP-301 treatment alone. Further investigation revealed that combination treatment resulted in suppressed E1A protein expression associated with reduced viral replication. Our results suggest that Bax gene therapy in combination with oncolytic adenovirotherapy potentially augments their antitumor activity, but further improvements may be required to maximize the combinatorial effect in vivo, for the Bax gene expression to avoid interference with production of the oncolytic virus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2628-2633
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume122
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Adenovirus
  • Bax
  • Gene therapy
  • Oncolytic virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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