We investigate low-energy collective excitations in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) with a single-vortex line or many vortices by using the microscopic theory based on the Bogoliubov-Popov formalism. The paper is divided into the following two section: (i) We first study the damping process of the quadrupole modes in a three-dimensional cigar-shaped BEC. The selective excitation of such the modes occurs during the rotation of the condensate in the opposite or same direction relative to a vortex velocity field. The dramatic change of the damping process of these modes is explained by the linear response theory. It is proposed that Kelvin modes play a leading part in the decay process of the quadrupole excitation. These results are quantitatively compared with the recent experiment on 87Rb by Bretin et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 100403 (2003)]. (ii) In addition, the complete spectrum of the collective excitations in vortex-lattice states is obtained by solving the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation in a two-dimensional disk-shaped BEC. We also discuss the frequency shift of totally symmetric and twofold symmetric Tkachenko modes.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering