Cold hardiness of adult western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera

Thripidae)

Hisaaki Tsumuki, Hitoshi Ishida, Hideya Yoshida, Shoji Sonoda, Yohei Izumi, Tamotsu Murai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cold hardiness in adult males and females of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) reared at different conditions were investigated. Supercooling points (SCPs) were about -26°C in both males and females. The SCPs were not affected by the rearing conditions of photoperiod and temperature. However, the survival periods of males and females at low temperatures from -15°C to 5°C were predominantly affected by rearing temperatures. Males and females reared at 15°C survived longer at the low temperatures than those reared at 20°C. Females survived for much longer than males at the low temperatures except -15°C. Furthermore, the survival periods of males and females at the low temperatures were affected by water and food applications. However, the effects were smaller in both males and females at 0°C from -5°C for 12 h to +5°C for 12 h than 5°C, especially less water effect was observed in males at 0°C. Males and females given food maximally survived for about 30 d and 40 d at 0°C, and about 40 d and 60 d at 5°C, respectively. These results show that F. occidentalis can overwinter only in relative mild winter or artificial conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Entomology and Zoology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Frankliniella occidentalis
Thripidae
Thysanoptera
cold tolerance
supercooling point
temperature
rearing
photoperiod
water
winter

Keywords

  • Cold hardiness
  • Frankliniella occidentalis
  • Photoperiodic response
  • Supercooling point
  • Thrips

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

Cite this

Cold hardiness of adult western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera : Thripidae). / Tsumuki, Hisaaki; Ishida, Hitoshi; Yoshida, Hideya; Sonoda, Shoji; Izumi, Yohei; Murai, Tamotsu.

In: Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2007, p. 223-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsumuki, Hisaaki ; Ishida, Hitoshi ; Yoshida, Hideya ; Sonoda, Shoji ; Izumi, Yohei ; Murai, Tamotsu. / Cold hardiness of adult western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera : Thripidae). In: Applied Entomology and Zoology. 2007 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 223-229.
@article{1708ad6946b74ee29f5456c3b44ad3ba,
title = "Cold hardiness of adult western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)",
abstract = "The cold hardiness in adult males and females of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) reared at different conditions were investigated. Supercooling points (SCPs) were about -26°C in both males and females. The SCPs were not affected by the rearing conditions of photoperiod and temperature. However, the survival periods of males and females at low temperatures from -15°C to 5°C were predominantly affected by rearing temperatures. Males and females reared at 15°C survived longer at the low temperatures than those reared at 20°C. Females survived for much longer than males at the low temperatures except -15°C. Furthermore, the survival periods of males and females at the low temperatures were affected by water and food applications. However, the effects were smaller in both males and females at 0°C from -5°C for 12 h to +5°C for 12 h than 5°C, especially less water effect was observed in males at 0°C. Males and females given food maximally survived for about 30 d and 40 d at 0°C, and about 40 d and 60 d at 5°C, respectively. These results show that F. occidentalis can overwinter only in relative mild winter or artificial conditions.",
keywords = "Cold hardiness, Frankliniella occidentalis, Photoperiodic response, Supercooling point, Thrips",
author = "Hisaaki Tsumuki and Hitoshi Ishida and Hideya Yoshida and Shoji Sonoda and Yohei Izumi and Tamotsu Murai",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1303/aez.2007.223",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "223--229",
journal = "Applied Entomology and Zoology",
issn = "0003-6862",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cold hardiness of adult western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera

T2 - Thripidae)

AU - Tsumuki, Hisaaki

AU - Ishida, Hitoshi

AU - Yoshida, Hideya

AU - Sonoda, Shoji

AU - Izumi, Yohei

AU - Murai, Tamotsu

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The cold hardiness in adult males and females of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) reared at different conditions were investigated. Supercooling points (SCPs) were about -26°C in both males and females. The SCPs were not affected by the rearing conditions of photoperiod and temperature. However, the survival periods of males and females at low temperatures from -15°C to 5°C were predominantly affected by rearing temperatures. Males and females reared at 15°C survived longer at the low temperatures than those reared at 20°C. Females survived for much longer than males at the low temperatures except -15°C. Furthermore, the survival periods of males and females at the low temperatures were affected by water and food applications. However, the effects were smaller in both males and females at 0°C from -5°C for 12 h to +5°C for 12 h than 5°C, especially less water effect was observed in males at 0°C. Males and females given food maximally survived for about 30 d and 40 d at 0°C, and about 40 d and 60 d at 5°C, respectively. These results show that F. occidentalis can overwinter only in relative mild winter or artificial conditions.

AB - The cold hardiness in adult males and females of Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) reared at different conditions were investigated. Supercooling points (SCPs) were about -26°C in both males and females. The SCPs were not affected by the rearing conditions of photoperiod and temperature. However, the survival periods of males and females at low temperatures from -15°C to 5°C were predominantly affected by rearing temperatures. Males and females reared at 15°C survived longer at the low temperatures than those reared at 20°C. Females survived for much longer than males at the low temperatures except -15°C. Furthermore, the survival periods of males and females at the low temperatures were affected by water and food applications. However, the effects were smaller in both males and females at 0°C from -5°C for 12 h to +5°C for 12 h than 5°C, especially less water effect was observed in males at 0°C. Males and females given food maximally survived for about 30 d and 40 d at 0°C, and about 40 d and 60 d at 5°C, respectively. These results show that F. occidentalis can overwinter only in relative mild winter or artificial conditions.

KW - Cold hardiness

KW - Frankliniella occidentalis

KW - Photoperiodic response

KW - Supercooling point

KW - Thrips

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34548308477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34548308477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1303/aez.2007.223

DO - 10.1303/aez.2007.223

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 223

EP - 229

JO - Applied Entomology and Zoology

JF - Applied Entomology and Zoology

SN - 0003-6862

IS - 2

ER -