Adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) or coenzyme B12-dependent enzymes catalyze intramolecular group-transfer reactions and ribonucleotide reduction in a wide variety of organisms from bacteria to animals. They use a super-reactive primary-carbon radical formed by the homolysis of the coenzyme's Co-C bond for catalysis and thus belong to the larger class of “radical enzymes.” For understanding the general mechanisms of radical enzymes, it is of great importance to establish the general mechanism of AdoCbl-dependent catalysis using enzymes that catalyze the simplest reactions—such as diol dehydratase, glycerol dehydratase and ethanolamine ammonia-lyase. These enzymes are often called “eliminases.” We have studied AdoCbl and eliminases for more than a half century. Progress has always been driven by the development of new experimental methodologies. In this chapter, we describe our investigations on these enzymes, including their metabolic roles, gene cloning, preparation, characterization, activity assays, and mechanistic studies, that have been conducted using a wide range of biochemical and structural methodologies we have developed.