Clostridium botulinum type E toxins bind to Caco-2 cells by a different mechanism from that of type a toxins

Kai Zhang, Yumiko Yamamoto, Tomonori Suzuki, Kenji Yokota, Shaobo Ma, Ni Nengah Dwi Fatmawati, Keiji Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Cultured Clostridium botulinum strains produce progenitor toxins designated as 12S, 16S, and 19S toxins. The 12S toxin consists of a neurotoxin (NTX, 7S) and a non-toxic non-hemagglutinin (NTNH). The 16S and 19S toxins are formed by conjugation of the 12S toxin with hemagglutinin (HA), and the 19S toxin is a dimer of the 16S toxin. Type A cultures produce all 3 of these progenitor toxins, while type E produces only the 12S toxin. The 7S toxin is cleaved into heavy (H) and light (L) chains by a protease(s) in some strains, and the H chain has 2 domains, the N-terminus (Hn) and C-terminus (He). It has been reported that type A toxins bind to the intestinal cells or cultured cells via either HA or He. In this study, we investigated the binding of type A and E toxins to Caco-2 cells using Western blot analysis. Both the type E 7S and 12S toxins bound to the cells, with the 7S toxin binding more strongly, whereas, in the type A strain, only the 16S/19S toxins showed obvious binding. Pre-incubation of the type E 7S toxin with IgG against recombinant type E He significantly inhibited the 7S toxin binding, indicating that He might be a main binding domain of the type E toxin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Binding
  • Caco-2
  • Chslridum bolulinum
  • HC
  • Neurotoxins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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