Clinical utility of a serum glycome analysis in patients with colorectal cancer

Daisuke Takei, Keita Harada, Kazuhiro Nouso, Koji Miyahara, Chihiro Dohi, Hiroshi Matsushita, Hideaki Kinugasa, Sakiko Hiraoka, Shin Ichiro Nishimura, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: Serum glycans are known to be good markers for the early diagnosis and prognostic prediction in many cancers. The aims of this study were to reveal the serum glycan changes comprehensively during the process of carcinogenesis from colorectal adenoma (CRA) to colorectal cancer (CRC) and to evaluate the usefulness of the glycan profiles as clinical markers for CRC. Methods: Serum samples were obtained from 80 histologically proven CRC and 36 CRA cases. The levels of glycans in the serum were examined with a comprehensive, quantitative, high-throughput unique glycome analysis, and their diagnostic and prognostic abilities were evaluated. Results: Among 34 stably detected glycans, nine were differentially expressed between CRC and CRA. Serum levels of hybrid type glycans were increased in patients with CRC compared with those with CRA (P < 0.001), and both hybrid-type and multi-antennary glycans were significantly increased in advanced cancer cases. The glycan, m/z 1914, showed the highest diagnostic value among the decreased glycans, whereas m/z 1708 showed the highest among the increased glycans. The glycan ratio m/z 1708/1914 showed a higher area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.889) than any other single glycan or conventional tumor marker, such as carcinoembryonic antigen (0.766, P = 0.040) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (0.615, P < 0.001). High m/z 1708/1914 was also correlated with an advanced cancer stage and short overall survival. Conclusion: Serum glycans, especially the m/z 1708/1914 ratio, were useful for the diagnosis, staging, and prognosis prediction of CRC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-733
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • biomarker
  • colorectal cancer
  • diagnosis
  • N-glycan
  • predictive marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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