The effects of niceritrol, a nicotinic acid derivative, on the levels of HDLcholesterol (HDL-Ch) and a mixture of VLDL- and LDL-Ch (VLDL- + LDLCh) were studied in hyperlipidemic patients. Serum total cholesterol (sTC) and serum triglyceride (sTG) were significantly reduced during niceritrol administration. Lipoprotein electrophoresis showed that niceritrol increased the a :p ratio. HDL-Ch showed a significant increase of 12.5% by the 16th week of therapy. This increase was more marked in patients with lower pre-treatment HDL-Ch levels and significant in patients whose pretreatment sTG levels were in excess of 200 mg/dl. Females displayed higher pre-treatment HDL-Ch levels (38.5 mg/dl) than males (30.6 mg/dl). However, niceritrol increased HDL-Ch significantly in both groups. At 16 weeks, the VLDL- + LDL-Ch level showed a significant decrease of 9.2%; the HDLCh:VLDL + LDL-Ch and HDL-Ch:sTC ratios were significantly increased throughout niceritrol administration. Niceritrol is thought to be effective in preventing the development and progression of atherosclerosis because it raises the level of anti-atherogenic HDL-Ch and lowers the level of atherogenic VLDL- + LDL-Ch.
- Gas-liquid chromatography
- Nicotinic acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine