Clinical significance of repeat rebiopsy in detecting the EGFR T790M secondary mutation in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Osimertinib is an essential drug to treat non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation, and rebiopsy is necessary to detect this mutation. However, the significance of repeat rebiopsy in NSCLC patients whose first rebiopsy was T790M-negative remains unclear. We used a retrospective cohort to clarify this issue. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients with NSCLC harboring EGFR mutations who underwent EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment at Okayama University Hospital between January 2015 and January 2017. Results: Of 102 patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC, 55 underwent rebiopsy after acquired resistance to prior EGFR TKIs. Pre-existing activating EGFR mutations were found in all 55 rebiopsied samples. Of the 55 samples, 25 were T790M-positive (45%). Among the remaining 30 patients (T790M-negative on the first rebiopsy), 21 underwent additional rebiopsies following interval therapy. Of the 21 patients, 11 were T790M-positive on the second rebiopsy and 1 on the third. We also evaluated the efficacy of osimertinib in patients who needed a repeat rebiopsy to detect the T790M mutation. Osimertinib showed good activity with an objective response rate of 50%. Conclusions: Repeat rebiopsy increases the ability to detect a secondary mutation (T790M) in EGFR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29525-29531
Number of pages7
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 29 2018

Keywords

  • EGFR
  • Lung cancer
  • Osimertinib
  • Rebiopsy
  • T790M

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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