Clinical relevance of low androgen to gastroesophageal reflux symptoms

Ko Harada, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Miho Yasuda, Kou Hasegawa, Mikako Obika, Hitomi Kataoka, Koichi Itoshima, Ken Okada, Fumio Otsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between free testosterone (FT) level and parameters including laboratory data and data from questionnaires and to determine symptoms leading to the detection of late onset hypogonadism (LOH). We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients in whom serum FT was measured in our hospital. Aging Male Symptoms (AMS) score, self-rating depression scale (SDS) and frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) score were used for questionnaires. A total of 205 patients were included in the analysis (55.2 ± 15.6 years of age, mean ± SD). Among them, 119 patients (58.0%) had an FT level of less than 8.5 pg/mL, which fulfills the diagnostic criterion of LOH syndrome according to the clinical practice manual for LOH in Japan. It was revealed that FSSG score was inversely correlated to serum FT levels (r = –0.3395, p < 0.001), although SDS and AMS scales did not show significant correlations to FT levels. Our study revealed a high prevalence of LOH syndrome among patients in whom the majority complained of general symptoms. Although GERD symptoms are generally not considered to be typical symptoms of LOH, our study indicates that those symptoms might be clues for the detection of LOH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1047
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine journal
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Free testosterone
  • Frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Late onset hypogonadism (LOH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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