Clinical Relevance of Blood Glucose and Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms to Depressive Status in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Abstract

A relationship between diabetes and depression is apparent. To clarify the clinical relevance of diabetic patients’ gastroesophageal symptoms to their psychological status, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and a Frequency Scale for Symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) among 143 type 2 diabetic patients who visited a general medicine department. Among the 45 Japanese patients enrolled, the group with relatively high SDS scores (≥ 36) showed higher (FSSG) dysmotility symptom scores versus the low-SDS (< 36) group, although the 2 groups’ characteristics and laboratory data were not significantly different. Positive correlations of postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) levels with FSSG scores (R = 0.321, p<0.05), particularly with reflux scores (R = 0.455, p<0.01) were revealed. PPG and HbA1c levels were not correlated with SDS scores. The patients’ SDS scores were significantly correlated with their FSSG scores (R = 0.41, p<0.01), suggesting that depressive status is linked to GERD-related manifestations. Considering that the patients’ PPG levels were correlated with GERD-related symptoms, diabetic patients’ blood glucose levels are associated with depressive status. Collectively, key symptoms related to GERD and glucose level values would be helpful for determining the psychological status of diabetic patients complaining of various uncertain symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume74
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • blood glucose
  • depressive status
  • gastroesophageal reflux
  • postprandial plasma glucose
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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