Clinical prediction model for postoperative ambulatory ability outcomes in patients with trochanteric fractures

Yosuke Tomita, Norio Yamamoto, Tomoo Inoue, Tomoyuki Noda, Keisuke Kawasaki, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Regaining independent ambulatory ability is one of the primary goals of treatment in patients with trochanteric fractures. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the discriminative accuracy of a clinical prediction model for ambulatory ability outcomes 3 months after surgery for trochanteric fractures. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 346 patients treated with intramedullary nailing for trochanteric fractures who had independent ambulatory ability before their injury. Multiple regression models with preoperative and postoperative factors were used to predict ambulatory ability outcomes at 3 months. A clinical prediction model (CPM) was created based on a decision tree developed using a chi-square automatic interaction detector technique. Results: Three months after surgery, 263 (76.0%) and 83 (24.0%) patients regained and lost independent ambulatory ability, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the Barthel index (BI) total score at 2 weeks predicted the ambulatory ability outcome at 3 months with good discriminative accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUROC]: 0.819; 95% confidence interval [CI]: [0.769, 0.868], cut-off value: 22.5; sensitivity: 69.5%; specificity: 82.3%). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative factors (residence before injury, diagnosis of dementia, and serum albumin at admission) and postoperative factors (BI total score at 2 weeks) predicted ambulatory ability outcomes at 3 months (AUROC: 0.710; 95%CI: [0.636, 0.783]; sensitivity: 91.3%; specificity: 41.8%). The CPM with the BI total score at 2 weeks (≤10; 10<, ≤50; >50 points) and dementia status (present; absent) had a moderate discriminative accuracy (AUROC: 0.676; 95%CI: [0.600, 0.752]; sensitivity: 94.7%; specificity: 40.5%). Conclusions: We developed a CPM with moderate accuracy to predict ambulatory ability outcomes in patients 3 months after surgery for trochanteric fractures. Our results demonstrate the importance of the BI score measured soon after surgery and dementia status for the prediction of postoperative ambulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1826-1832
Number of pages7
JournalInjury
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Ambulatory ability
  • Clinical prediction model
  • Intramedullary nailing
  • Mobility
  • Trochanteric fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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