Clinical outcomes of image-guided percutaneous drainage of pericardial effusion in cancer patients: A single-center retrospective analysis

Tetsuya Hasegawa, Yasuaki Arai, Miyuki Sone, Shunsuke Sugawara, Chihiro Itou, Shinji Wada, Noriyuki Umakoshi, Takatoshi Kubo, Shintaro Kimura, Masahiko Kusumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Catheter removal, survival, and recurrence rates after percutaneous pericardial effusion drainage in cancer patients are not fully understood. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of image-guided percutaneous pericardial effusion drainage in cancer patients. Methods: From January 2014 to September 2017, 113 percutaneous drainages for symptomatic pericardial effusion were performed in 100 cancer patients (median 60 years; range, 7–84 years) using ultrasound or angio-computed tomography. An 8-Fr drainage catheter was placed using the Seldinger technique via the subxiphoid (n = 73), apical (n = 23), or left parasternal (n = 17) routes. Success rates, complications, and postprocedural clinical outcomes of drainages were retrospectively assessed. Results: The technical and clinical success rates were 100% and 99%, respectively, without major complications. The median duration of catheterization and evacuated pericardial effusion volume were 6 days (range, 1–72 days) and 970 ml (range, 140–7635 ml), respectively. Catheters were removed after the first drainage in 86 cases (86%). Symptomatic pericardial effusion recurred in nine patients after catheter removal, in whom redrainages were performed 13 times with a median duration to redrainage time of 48 days (range, 13–529 days). During the follow-up period (median 106 days [range, 1–1396 days]), 61 patients died. The median survival was 140 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 95–276 days), and the median catheter-free survival was 111 days (95% CI, 60–152 days). Conclusions: Image-guided percutaneous pericardial effusion drainage for cancer patients is safe and helps alleviate symptoms. Additionally, catheter removal is possible in most patients, allowing a catheter-free period for patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • cancer patients
  • catheter-free period
  • percutaneous drainage
  • pericardial drainage
  • pericardial effusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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