Clinical benefits for older Alzheimer's disease patients: Okayama Late Dementia Study (OLDS)

Kosuke Matsuzono, Toru Yamashita, Yasuyuki Ohta, Nozomi Hishikawa, Kota Sato, Syoichiro Kono, Kentaro Deguchi, Yumiko Nakano, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background/objective: There are few reports on the effects of anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) drugs on older AD patients, and possible differences based on gender in a real world setting. Methods: Okayama Late Dementia Study (OLDS) is a retrospective clinical cohort study focusing on older AD patients (n = 373; age≥75 years) treated with monotherapy donepezil (n = 55), galantamine (n = 222), rivastigmine (n = 63), or memantine (n = 33). The patients were evaluated as an entire group and separated by gender, using seven batteries for dementia assessment at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months of drug therapy. Results: All four drugs preserved cognitive and affective functions until 12 months, except for Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) with memantine (∗p < 0.05 versus baseline). Donepezil monotherapy significantly improved Hasegawa Dementia Rating Scale-Revised (HDS-R) at 3 months (∗p < 0.05), and memantine (3 and 6 months, ∗p < 0.05) and rivastigmine (3 months,.∗p < 0.01) improved Abe's Behavior and Psychological Symptom of Dementia Score (ABS), respectively. Activities of daily living (ADL) became significantly worse with galantamine at 12 months (∗p < 0.05). Male Mini-Mental State Examination scores became worse at 12 months with donepezil (∗p < 0.05), as did female Geriatric Depression Scale scores at 6 months (∗p < 0.05). Male HDS-R and ABS scores were preserved in the galantamine group until 12 months. Female ABS scores with memantine improved at 6 months (∗p < 0.05), while male ADL scores became worse with rivastigmine at 12 months (∗p < 0.05). Conclusion: OLDS revealed that anti-AD drugs were effective even for older AD patients, and the clinical benefits of each drug showed a small difference with regard to gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-693
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 2015


  • Activities of daily living
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • affective function
  • cognitive function
  • gender difference
  • late elder patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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