Clinical assessment of non carious cervical lesion using swept-source optical coherence tomography

Ikumi Wada, Yasushi Shimada, Masaomi Ikeda, Alireza Sadr, Syozi Nakashima, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) involve various forms of tooth loss with different etiologies. This study aimed to utilize swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) at 1300 nm wavelength range in vitro and in vivo to evaluate and clarify the mechanism of NCCLs. In the in vitro phase, a dentin attenuation coefficient (μt) derived from the SS-OCT signal at NCCL was compared with mineral loss obtained from transverse microradiography (TMR) to determine a μt threshold to discriminate demineralization of cervical dentin in vivo. In the clinical study, 242 buccal surfaces were investigated in 35 subjects. Presence and dimensions of NCCLs, cervical cracking and the degree of demineralization at the exposed cervical dentin were determined using SS-OCT. Dentin demineralization was observed in 69% of NCCLs. SS-OCT results confirm that dentin mineral loss and occlusal attrition were associated with larger NCCLs, and can be considered as an etiological factor in formation and progress of these lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)846-854
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biophotonics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Attenuation coefficient
  • Demineralization
  • NCCL
  • SS-OCT
  • TMR
  • in vivo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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