Dimorphostylis asiatica, a cumacean crustacea inhabiting the sublittoral line of the Seto Inland Sea, shows a rhythmic pattern of swimming activity coinciding with daily and tidal components in the field. This activity pattern was bimodal at first, i.e., circatidal activity coinciding with high tides at their habitat. The mean free-running period (i.e., bitidal interval) of this endogenous rhythm was 23.1 h at 10°C, which was significantly shorter than the environmental tidal cycle. In most cases (90% of the records) this bimodal activity became unimodal within 10 d. The unimodal period was 24 to 27.5 h, which is markedly longer than the preceding bimodal period. The bimodal pattern observed in the present study was not observed in the field. The difference between field and laboratory activity patterns can be explained in terms of direct response of the bimodal circatidal rhythm to the day-night cycle in the field. Field observations were made and laboratory experiments conducted between 1988 and 1992.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science