Chronic pentobarbital administration alters γ-aminobutyric acidA receptor α6-subunit mRNA levels and diazepam-insensitive [3H]Ro15-4513 binding

Takehiko Ito, Toshihito Suzuki, Susan E. Wellman, Ing K. Ho

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to study the chronic effects of pentobarbital, a positive GABAA receptor modulator, on the inverse agonist binding of the benzodiazepine site, binding of [3H]Ro15-4513 and levels of GABAA receptor α6-subunit mRNA were investigated in the brains of pentobarbital-tolerant/dependent animals, using receptor autoradiography and in situ hybridization histochemistry in consecutive brain sections. Pentobarbital was administered to rats either 60 mg/kg, i.p., once, for acute treatment, or 300 μg/ 10μl/h i.c.v. continuously for 6 days via osmotic minipumps to render rats tolerant to pentobarbital. Rats assigned to the dependent group were sacrificed 24 h after discontinuance of pentobarbital infusion, while those assigned to the tolerant group were sacrificed at the end of infusion. The α6 subunit mRNA was increased in the tolerant group only. Diazepam-insensitive [3H]Ro15-4513 binding was increased in the cerebellar granule layer of pentobarbital-tolerant and -dependent rats. No alterations in these parameters were observed in acutely treated animals. These data suggest that chronic pentobarbital treatment induced expression of α6-subunit mRNA. This was in contrast to α1- and γ2-subunit mRNA, which in tolerant animals are unchanged, but for which withdrawal triggers a surge in levels. Because the α6-subunit is a major component of the diazepam-insensitive [3H]Ro15-4513 binding site, the increased diazepam-insensitive [3H]Ro15-4513 binding implied de novo synthesis of the receptor subunit protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-113
Number of pages8
JournalSynapse
Volume22
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepine receptors
  • Dependence
  • Inverse agonist
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology

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