Chromosome damage induced by artificial seed aging in barley - 3. Behavior of chromosomal aberrations during plant growth

M. Murata, T. Tsuchiya, E. E. Roos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. 'Himalaya') seeds were artificially aged under two storage conditions (32 °C/12% moisture content (m.c.) and 38 °C/18% m.c.) to study the behavior of induced chromosomal aberrations during plant growth. The frequencies of aberrant anaphases at first mitosis in root tips were correlated with loss of germinability. However, after 3 and 5 weeks' growth, aberration frequency declined. In plants grown from artificially aged seeds, the frequency of aberrant anaphases appeared to be stabilized at about 1% after 5 weeks' growth, in spite of the large differences in the frequencies at first mitosis. This suggests that because of their genetic imbalance, cells with chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging were being excluded during plant growth. Meiotic chromosome configurations at MI were normal (7 II) in all plants studied, although a few precocious separations were found. Meiotic aberrations were found at AI-TI, AII-TII and the tetrad stages in the pollen mother cells of plants grown from the control and artificially aged seeds. However, there were no clear differences among the control and the two aging treatments. It was obvious that some cells with meiotic chromosomal aberrations were lost between the AI-TI and AII-TII stages, and still more between the AII-TII and tetrad stages. The frequency of tetrads with micronuclei in plants produced from artificially aged seeds was the same as in the control. The plants grown from artificially aged seeds showed high pollen fertility (95.2 to 97.0%) and seed fertility (90.1 to 97.2%) which was comparable to the control values (97.4 and 97.9%) respectively, indicating no special effects of seed aging. Anaphase cells of the first mitosis in the next (A2) generation were analyzed to study the transmission of chromosomal aberrations through mitotic and meiotic cell divisions in the A1 generation. Aberrant anaphases in the progeny from the artificially aged seeds were not higher than those of the control progeny. This indicates that the chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging are not transmitted to the next generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical And Applied Genetics
Volume67
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

artificial seeds
chromosome aberrations
Hordeum
Chromosome Aberrations
Seeds
Chromosomes
barley
plant growth
chromosomes
Growth
seeds
Anaphase
anaphase
Mitosis
mitosis
Pollen
Fertility
pollen
cells
water content

Keywords

  • Artificial seed aging
  • Barley
  • Mitotic and meiotic aberrations
  • Pollen and seed fertilities
  • Transmission of chromosomal aberrations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Chromosome damage induced by artificial seed aging in barley - 3. Behavior of chromosomal aberrations during plant growth. / Murata, M.; Tsuchiya, T.; Roos, E. E.

In: Theoretical And Applied Genetics, Vol. 67, No. 2-3, 01.1984, p. 161-170.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. 'Himalaya') seeds were artificially aged under two storage conditions (32 °C/12{\%} moisture content (m.c.) and 38 °C/18{\%} m.c.) to study the behavior of induced chromosomal aberrations during plant growth. The frequencies of aberrant anaphases at first mitosis in root tips were correlated with loss of germinability. However, after 3 and 5 weeks' growth, aberration frequency declined. In plants grown from artificially aged seeds, the frequency of aberrant anaphases appeared to be stabilized at about 1{\%} after 5 weeks' growth, in spite of the large differences in the frequencies at first mitosis. This suggests that because of their genetic imbalance, cells with chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging were being excluded during plant growth. Meiotic chromosome configurations at MI were normal (7 II) in all plants studied, although a few precocious separations were found. Meiotic aberrations were found at AI-TI, AII-TII and the tetrad stages in the pollen mother cells of plants grown from the control and artificially aged seeds. However, there were no clear differences among the control and the two aging treatments. It was obvious that some cells with meiotic chromosomal aberrations were lost between the AI-TI and AII-TII stages, and still more between the AII-TII and tetrad stages. The frequency of tetrads with micronuclei in plants produced from artificially aged seeds was the same as in the control. The plants grown from artificially aged seeds showed high pollen fertility (95.2 to 97.0{\%}) and seed fertility (90.1 to 97.2{\%}) which was comparable to the control values (97.4 and 97.9{\%}) respectively, indicating no special effects of seed aging. Anaphase cells of the first mitosis in the next (A2) generation were analyzed to study the transmission of chromosomal aberrations through mitotic and meiotic cell divisions in the A1 generation. Aberrant anaphases in the progeny from the artificially aged seeds were not higher than those of the control progeny. This indicates that the chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging are not transmitted to the next generation.",
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N2 - Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. 'Himalaya') seeds were artificially aged under two storage conditions (32 °C/12% moisture content (m.c.) and 38 °C/18% m.c.) to study the behavior of induced chromosomal aberrations during plant growth. The frequencies of aberrant anaphases at first mitosis in root tips were correlated with loss of germinability. However, after 3 and 5 weeks' growth, aberration frequency declined. In plants grown from artificially aged seeds, the frequency of aberrant anaphases appeared to be stabilized at about 1% after 5 weeks' growth, in spite of the large differences in the frequencies at first mitosis. This suggests that because of their genetic imbalance, cells with chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging were being excluded during plant growth. Meiotic chromosome configurations at MI were normal (7 II) in all plants studied, although a few precocious separations were found. Meiotic aberrations were found at AI-TI, AII-TII and the tetrad stages in the pollen mother cells of plants grown from the control and artificially aged seeds. However, there were no clear differences among the control and the two aging treatments. It was obvious that some cells with meiotic chromosomal aberrations were lost between the AI-TI and AII-TII stages, and still more between the AII-TII and tetrad stages. The frequency of tetrads with micronuclei in plants produced from artificially aged seeds was the same as in the control. The plants grown from artificially aged seeds showed high pollen fertility (95.2 to 97.0%) and seed fertility (90.1 to 97.2%) which was comparable to the control values (97.4 and 97.9%) respectively, indicating no special effects of seed aging. Anaphase cells of the first mitosis in the next (A2) generation were analyzed to study the transmission of chromosomal aberrations through mitotic and meiotic cell divisions in the A1 generation. Aberrant anaphases in the progeny from the artificially aged seeds were not higher than those of the control progeny. This indicates that the chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging are not transmitted to the next generation.

AB - Barley (Hordeum vulgare L. 'Himalaya') seeds were artificially aged under two storage conditions (32 °C/12% moisture content (m.c.) and 38 °C/18% m.c.) to study the behavior of induced chromosomal aberrations during plant growth. The frequencies of aberrant anaphases at first mitosis in root tips were correlated with loss of germinability. However, after 3 and 5 weeks' growth, aberration frequency declined. In plants grown from artificially aged seeds, the frequency of aberrant anaphases appeared to be stabilized at about 1% after 5 weeks' growth, in spite of the large differences in the frequencies at first mitosis. This suggests that because of their genetic imbalance, cells with chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging were being excluded during plant growth. Meiotic chromosome configurations at MI were normal (7 II) in all plants studied, although a few precocious separations were found. Meiotic aberrations were found at AI-TI, AII-TII and the tetrad stages in the pollen mother cells of plants grown from the control and artificially aged seeds. However, there were no clear differences among the control and the two aging treatments. It was obvious that some cells with meiotic chromosomal aberrations were lost between the AI-TI and AII-TII stages, and still more between the AII-TII and tetrad stages. The frequency of tetrads with micronuclei in plants produced from artificially aged seeds was the same as in the control. The plants grown from artificially aged seeds showed high pollen fertility (95.2 to 97.0%) and seed fertility (90.1 to 97.2%) which was comparable to the control values (97.4 and 97.9%) respectively, indicating no special effects of seed aging. Anaphase cells of the first mitosis in the next (A2) generation were analyzed to study the transmission of chromosomal aberrations through mitotic and meiotic cell divisions in the A1 generation. Aberrant anaphases in the progeny from the artificially aged seeds were not higher than those of the control progeny. This indicates that the chromosomal aberrations induced by seed aging are not transmitted to the next generation.

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KW - Pollen and seed fertilities

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