Chemosensitivity of neurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus that responded to portal infusion of hypertonic saline in rats

Motoi Kobashi, Akira Adachi

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neural responses in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) to topical administrations of sodium and portal infusions of hypertonic saline were investigated electrophysiologically by using multibarrel electrodes in anesthetized rats. Of 102 neurons that showed antidromic response to electrical stimulation of the ventral gastric vagus or the accessory celiac vagus, 51 neurons increased and 13 neurons decreased their discharge rates in response to the electrophoretic administration of sodium. The other 38 neurons did not respond to this stimulation. The portal infusion of hypertonic saline elicited neural responses of some DMV neurons whose axons are involved into either the ventral gastric or the accessory celiac vagus. Further, effects of the topical administration and the portal infusion of hypertonic saline were examined on 33 neurons. Typical response was characterized by an increase in discharge rate responding to both of the portal infusion and the topical administration. In conclusion, the DMV neurons receiving the afferent inputs from hepatoportal osmoreceptors may have an enteroceptor function detecting the change in osmotic pressure of their environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-15
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Keywords

  • Celiac vagus
  • Dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus
  • Gastric vagus
  • Hepatic
  • Osmoreceptors
  • Portal vein
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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