Characterization of the thermal and solutal Marangoni flows of opposite directions developing in a cylindrical liquid bridge under zero gravity

Chihao Jin, Atsushi Sekimoto, Yasunori Okano, Hisashi Minakuchi, Sadik Dost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerical simulations of the thermo-solutal Marangoni convection developing in a Si-Ge liquid bridge of a floating-zone system have been performed under zero gravity. Half of the liquid bridge was considered as the three-dimensional (3D) computational domain. In this system, the solutal Marangoni convection develops in the direction opposite to the thermal Marangoni convection along the free surface in the bridge, i.e., the thermal Marangoni number, MaT, is negative and the solutal Marangoni number, MaC, is positive. Since the SiGe melt is a low-Prandtl number (Pr = 6.37 × 10-3) and high-Schmidt number (Sc = 14.0) liquid, the temperature field is almost independent of the convective flow and the concentration field determines the transport structures. When MaC is larger than -MaT, the concentration pattern is steady and two-dimensional (2D) axisymmetric. When MaC is smaller than -MaT, we predict two kinds of flow transitions with the increase in |MaT|. If MaC is sufficiently large (MaC ≳ 530), as |MaT| increases, the flow changes from a 2D-steady pattern to a 3D-chaotic behavior at moderate |MaT| (1050 ≲ |MaT| ≲ 2800). We also predict that a second transition and an oscillatory rotating flow occur as |MaT| increases further. The flow becomes 3D-steady at smaller MaC (MaC ≲ 360) with no transition, and the azimuthal wavenumber (m) decreases with increasing |MaT|. Furthermore, the thermo-solutal Marangoni convection in this system can be suppressed almost completely when MaC is approximately equal to -MaT (MaC ≈ -MaT) and the flow becomes periodically stable with weak fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034104
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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