In an earlier report, we demonstrated overexpression of a short isoform of Helios, Hel-5, which lacks three of four N-terminal zinc fingers, in patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Here, we characterized Hel-5 using immunoprecipitation, and gel shift and luciferase promoter assays, and found that Hel-5 lacks the repressor function observed with a full-length isoform of Helios. Moreover, Hel-5 associates with the full-length isoforms of the Ikaros gene family, Ikaros, Aiolos and Helios, and inhibits their DNA binding activity when present in excess, leading to dominant-negative effects on the full-length isoforms of the Ikaros gene family. Our results suggest a critical role for Helios in the mechanism of leukemogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research