Characterization of the S-locus region of almond (Prunus dulcis): Analysis of a somaclonal mutant and a cosmid contig for an S haplotype

Koichiro Ushijima, Hidenori Sassa, Mihoko Tamura, Makoto Kusaba, Ryutaro Tao, Thomas M. Gradziel, Abhaya M. Dandekar, Hisashi Hirano

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Abstract

Almond has a self-incompatibility system that is controlled by an S locus consisting of the S-RNase gene and an unidentified "pollen S gene." An almond cultivar "Jeffries," a somaclonal mutant of "Nonpareil" (ScSd), has a dysfunctional Sc haplotype both in pistil and pollen. Immunoblot and genomic Southern blot analyses detected no Sc haplotype-specific signal in Jeffries. Southern blot showed that Jeffries has an extra copy of the Sd haplotype. These results indicate that at least two mutations had occurred to generate Jeffries: (1) deletion of the Sc haplotype and (2) duplication of the Sd haplotype. To analyze the extent of the deletion in Jeffries and gain insight into the physical limit of the S locus region, ∼200 kbp of a cosmid contig for the Sc haplotype was constructed. Genomic Southern blot analyses showed that the deletion in Jeffries extends beyond the region covered by the contig. Most cosmid end probes, except those near the Sc-RNase gene, cross-hybridized with DNA fragments from different S haplotypes. This suggests that regions away from, the Sc-RNase gene can recombine between different S haplotypes, implying that the cosmid contig extends to the borders of the S locus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
JournalGenetics
Volume158
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 22 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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    Ushijima, K., Sassa, H., Tamura, M., Kusaba, M., Tao, R., Gradziel, T. M., Dandekar, A. M., & Hirano, H. (2001). Characterization of the S-locus region of almond (Prunus dulcis): Analysis of a somaclonal mutant and a cosmid contig for an S haplotype. Genetics, 158(1), 379-386.