Characterization of the high affinity Zn transporter from Noccaea caerulescens, NcZNT1, and dissection of its promoter for its role in Zn uptake and hyperaccumulation

Matthew J. Milner, Eric Craft, Naoki Yamaji, Emi Koyama, Jian Feng Ma, Leon V. Kochian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, we conducted a detailed analysis of the ZIP family transporter, NcZNT1, in the zinc (Zn)/cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulating plant species, Noccaea caerulescens, formerly known as Thlaspi caerulescens. NcZNT1 was previously suggested to be the primary root Zn/Cd uptake transporter. Both a characterization of NcZNT1 transport function in planta and in heterologous systems, and an analysis of NcZNT1 gene expression and NcZNT1 protein localization were carried out. • We show that NcZNT1 is not only expressed in the root epidermis, but also is highly expressed in the root and shoot vasculature, suggesting a role in long-distance metal transport. Also, NcZNT1 was found to be a plasma membrane transporter that mediates Zn but not Cd, iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) or copper (Cu) uptake into plant cells. • Two novel regions of the NcZNT1 promoter were identified which may be involved in both the hyperexpression of NcZNT1 and its ability to be regulated by plant Zn status. • In conclusion, we demonstrate here that NcZNT1 plays a role in Zn and not Cd uptake from the soil, and based on its strong expression in the root and shoot vasculature, could be involved in long-distance transport of Zn from the root to the shoot via the xylem.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-123
    Number of pages11
    JournalNew Phytologist
    Volume195
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

    Keywords

    • Cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulation
    • Noccaea caerulescens
    • ZNT1
    • Zinc (Zn) hyperaccumulation
    • Zn uptake

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Plant Science

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