Characterization of quorum sensing-controlled transcriptional regulator MarR and Rieske (2Fe-2S) cluster-containing protein (Orf5), which are involved in resistance to environmental stresses in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605

Fumiko Taguchi, Yuko Inoue, Tomoko Suzuki, Yoshishige Inagaki, Mikihiro Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Toyoda, Yoshiteru Noutoshi, Tomonori Shiraishi, Yuki Ichinose

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605 (Pta6605) produces acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs), quorum sensing (QS) molecules that are indispensable for virulence in host tobacco infection. Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of several QS-defective mutants revealed that the expression of the genes encoding the MarR family transcriptional regulator (MarR) and a Rieske 2Fe-2S cluster-containing protein (Orf5) located adjacent to psyI, a gene encoding AHL synthetase, are significantly repressed. Exogenous application of AHL recovered the expression of both marR and orf5 genes in the ΔpsyI mutant, indicating that AHL positively regulates the expression of these genes. To investigate the role of these genes in the virulence of Pta6605, ΔmarR and Δorf5 mutants were generated. Both mutants showed decreased swimming and swarming motilities, decreased survival ability under oxidative and nitrosative stresses and, consequently, reduced virulence on host tobacco plants. Transmission electron micrographs showed that the structure of the cell membranes of ΔmarR and Δorf5 mutants was severely damaged. Furthermore, not only the ratio of dead cells, but also the amount of flagella, extracellular DNA and protein released into the culture supernatant, was significantly increased in both mutants, indicating that the disruption of marR and orf5 genes might induce structural changes in the membrane and cell lysis. Because both mutants showed partly similar expression profiles, both gene products might be involved in the same regulatory cascades that are required for QS-dependent survival under environmentally stressed conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-387
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Plant Pathology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Extracellular DNA
  • Nitrite
  • Rieske 2Fe-2S cluster
  • Superoxide
  • Surface motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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