Characterization of photosystem II assembly complexes containing ONE-HELIX PROTEIN1 in Arabidopsis thaliana

Hanaki Maeda, Koharu Takahashi, Yoshifumi Ueno, Kei Sakata, Akari Yokoyama, Kozue Yarimizu, Fumiyoshi Myouga, Kazuo Shinozaki, Shin Ichiro Ozawa, Yuichiro Takahashi, Ayumi Tanaka, Hisashi Ito, Seiji Akimoto, Atsushi Takabayashi, Ryouichi Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The assembly process of photosystem II (PSII) requires several auxiliary proteins to form assembly intermediates. In plants, early assembly intermediates comprise D1 and D2 subunits of PSII together with a few auxiliary proteins including at least ONE-HELIX PROTEIN1 (OHP1), OHP2, and HIGH-CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE 244 (HCF244) proteins. Herein, we report the basic characterization of the assembling intermediates, which we purified from Arabidopsis transgenic plants overexpressing a tagged OHP1 protein and named the OHP1 complexes. We analyzed two major forms of OHP1 complexes by mass spectrometry, which revealed that the complexes consist of OHP1, OHP2, and HCF244 in addition to the PSII subunits D1, D2, and cytochrome b559. Analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence showed that a major form of the complex binds chlorophyll a and carotenoids and performs quenching with a time constant of 420 ps. To identify the localization of the auxiliary proteins, we solubilized thylakoid membranes using a digitonin derivative, glycodiosgenin, and separated them into three fractions by ultracentrifugation, and detected these proteins in the loose pellet containing the stroma lamellae and the grana margins together with two chlorophyll biosynthesis enzymes. The results indicated that chlorophyll biosynthesis and assembly may take place in the same compartments of thylakoid membranes. Inducible suppression of the OHP2 mRNA substantially decreased the OHP2 protein in mature Arabidopsis leaves without a significant reduction in the maximum quantum yield of PSII under low-light conditions, but it compromised the yields under high-light conditions. This implies that the auxiliary protein is required for acclimation to high-light conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-376
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Plant Research
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis
  • Chlorophyll
  • One-helix proteins
  • Photosystem II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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