Characterization of Gastric Tissue-Resident T Cells in Autoimmune and Helicobacter pylori-Associated Gastritis

Daisuke Kametaka, Masaya Iwamuro, Takahide Takahashi, Araki Hirabata, Kenta Hamada, Yoshiyasu Kono, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Seiji Kawano, Takehiro Tanaka, Fumio Otsuka, Yoshiro Kawahara, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Data regarding the in-depth surface marker profiles of gastric tissue-resident lymphocytes in autoimmune and Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis are lacking. In this study, we investigated potential differences in lymphocyte composition between these profiles. We enrolled patients with autoimmune (n = 14), active (current infection of H. pylori in the stomach; n = 10), and inactive gastritis (post-eradication of H. pylori; n = 20). Lymphocytes were isolated from the greater curvature of the stomach and lesser curvature of the body and analyzed using flow cytometry. The CD8+/CD3+ and CD4+/CD3+ ratios differed between the samples. Body CD4+/antrum CD4+, which is calculated by dividing the CD4+/CD3+ ratio in the body by that in the antrum, was significantly higher in autoimmune gastritis (3.54 ± 3.13) than in active (1.47 ± 0.41) and inactive gastritis (1.42 ± 0.77). Antrum CD8+/CD4+ in autoimmune gastritis (7.86 ± 7.23) was also higher than that in active (1.49 ± 0.58) and inactive gastritis (2.84 ± 2.17). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of antrum CD8+/CD4+ was 0.842, and the corresponding optimal cutoff point was 4.0, with a sensitivity of 71.4% and a specificity of 93.3%. We propose that an antrum CD8+/CD4+ ratio > 4.0 is a potential diagnostic marker for autoimmune gastritis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Issues in Molecular Biology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • atrophic gastritis
  • autoimmune gastritis
  • flow cytometry
  • Helicobacter pylori

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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