Characterization of a Mis12 homologue in Arabidopsis thaliana

Hiroshi Sato, Fukashi Shibata, Minoru Murata

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The centromere/kinetochore represents an important complex on chromosomes that contains a large number of proteins and facilitates accurate chromosome segregation during cell division. Fission yeast Mis12 and its human homologue hMis12 have been identified as essential kinetochore components. Although homologues have been suggested to exist in plants, their function remains to be determined. In this study the full-length cDNA of the Mis12 homologue from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtMIS12) was successfully cloned by RACE-and RT-PCR and the DNA sequence determined. The 238 amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA contains two conserved blocks and a coiled-coil motif, despite the poor overall similarity to fission yeast and human Mis12. The antibody raised against a partial peptide of AtMIS12 recognized a 27-kDa protein corresponding to the predicted molecular weight. Immunofluorescence labeling using the antibody revealed that AtMIS12 localizes at centromeric regions, like the centromeric histone H3 variant HTR12, throughout the cell cycle. These results indicate that AtMIS 12 is a constitutive component of Arabidopsis kinetochores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-834
Number of pages8
JournalChromosome Research
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Centromere
  • Kinetochore protein
  • Mis12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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