Characterization and detection of epistatic interactions of 3 QTLs, Hd1, Hd2, and Hd3, controlling heading date in rice using nearly isogenic lines

H. X. Lin, T. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, M. Yano

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To characterize quantitative trait loci (QTLs), we used marker-assisted selection (MAS) to develop three nearly isogenic lines (NILs) differing only for the presence of a single, specific QTL (QTL-NILs) - Hd1, Hd2, and Hd3 - for heading date in rice. The three lines contained the chromosomal region of the target QTL from donor variety Kasalath (indica) in the genetic background of var. Nipponbare (japonica). To analyze epistatic interactions in pairs of these QTLs, we also used MAS to develop four combined QTL-NILs with 2 of the 3 QTLs or with all 3. Different daylength treatment testing of the QTL-NILs revealed that the three QTLs control photoperiod sensitivity. Genetic analysis of F2 populations derived from crosses between the three QTL-NILs with a single QTL using molecular markers revealed the existence of epistatic interactions between Hd1 and Hd2, and Hd2 and Hd3. These interactions were also confirmed by the analysis of combined QTL-NILs under different daylength conditions. The existence of an epistatic interaction between Hd1 and Hd3 was also clarified. Based on these results, we suggest that the Kasalath allele of Hd3 does not affect photoperiod sensitivity by itself but that it is involved in enhancement of the expression of the Nipponbare alleles of Hd1 and Hd2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1021-1028
Number of pages8
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Digenic interaction
  • Nearly isogenic lines
  • Oryza sativa L.
  • Photoperiod sensitivity
  • Quantitative trait loci

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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