Picene is a phenacene-type aromatic hydrocarbon molecule with five benzene rings. We have fabricated picene single crystal (SC) field-effect transistors (FETs) with solid gate and ionic liquid gate dielectrics. Although the picene SC FET showed a large hole-injection barrier without any modification of interface between source/drain electrodes and picene SC, such a large hole-injection barrier could be effectively reduced by modifying the interface with tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ). Picene SC FET with an HfO 2 gate dielectric and TCNQ-coated electrodes shows p-channel characteristics with a smooth hole injection and a field-effect mobility more than 1 cm 2 V -1 s -1 in two-terminal measurement. Picene SC FET could be operated even in bottom-contact structure by modifying the interface with octanethiol. Furthermore, picene SC FET operated with ionic liquid gate dielectric, [1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium][hexafluorophosphate], showing the field-effect mobility of 1.8 × 10 -1 cm 2 V -1 s -1 and low absolute value, 1.9 V, of threshold voltage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films