Characteristics of asthma patients who need repeated hospitalization; frequency of use of systemic corticosteroids, emergency and unscheduled hospital visits and habitual use of sleeping pills

Masahiro Kaneko, Kyousuke Ishihara, Takashi Hajiro, Hiroshi Fujii, Eiki Ichihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of frequently hospitalized patients. Methods: The clinical characteristics of 310 cases having hospitalization episodes (206 patients) for asthma attack analyzed retrospectively based on their clinical records. Results: Nineteen out of the 206 patients were hospitalized more than just three times during the study period. Mean age (once hospitalization group 50.0 ± 1.5 y.o., twice- 53.0 ± 2.6 y.o., ≥ 3 times- 56.6 ± 2.0 y.o., p = 0.02) and the ratio of female (once- 55.2%, twice- 61.5%, ≥ 3 times- 78.9%, p = 0.04) were higher among the groups. The frequency of use of systemic corticosteroids (once- 23.6%, twice- 50.0%, ≥ 3 times- 59.8%, p < 0.01), emergency and unscheduled hospital visits (once- 0.5 ± 0.1 times/6M, twice- 1.3 ± 0.3times/6M, ≥ 3 times- 2.7 ± 0.2 times/6M, p < 0.01), and habitual use of sleeping pills (once- 11.8%, twice- 30.8%, ≥ 3 times- 47.4%, p < 0.01) were significantly different among the groups. Conclusion: Among the patients who need repeated hospitalization, the frequency of use of systemic corticosteroids, emergency and unscheduled hospital visits, and habitual use of sleeping pills were higher.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-484
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Allergology
Volume56
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jun 22 2007

Keywords

  • Asthma attack
  • Emergency visits
  • Psychiatric problems
  • Sleeping medicine
  • Systemic corticosteroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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