Characteristics of airway responses in patients with bronchial asthma. Evaluation of asthma classification systems based on clinical symptoms and clinical findings.

Y. Tanizaki, H. Kitani, M. Okazaki, T. Mifune, Fumihiro Mitsunobu, N. Honke, I. Kimura

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Asthma was classified into three types according to clinical symptoms (clinical diagnosis, C.D.): Ia. simple bronchoconstriction type (further divided into two subtypes, type Ia-1 with 0-49 ml/day of expectoration and type 1a-2 with 50-99 ml/day); Ib. bronchoconstriction + hypersecretion type, and II. bronchiolar obstruction type. Asthma was also classified by a score related to clinical findings and examinations (score diagnosis, S.D.). The clinical features of each type of asthma according to the two classifications methods were compared. Type 1a-2 and 1b patients (C.D.) were characterized by mucus hypersecretion (more than 50 ml/day) and eosinophilia in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. The characteristic findings for type II asthmatics (C.D.) were a lower %V25 value (less than 10%) and an increased proportion of neutrophils (more than 20%) in the BAL fluid. All of the patients classified as types 1a-1, Ib, and II by clinical diagnosis were evaluated as having the same types of asthma by score diagnosis. Patients with type Ia-2 evaluated by clinical diagnosis were classified as type Ib by score diagnosis, since these two types had similar pathophysiological features represented by the increased proportion of eosinophils in the BAL fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalArerugī = [Allergy]
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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