Characterisation of DME-HCCI combustion cycles for formaldehyde and hydroxyl UV–vis absorption

Ulugbek Azimov, Nearchos Stylianidis, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Eiji Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated time-resolved ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light absorbance to identify the formation behaviour of formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydroxyl (OH) within the wavelength range of 280–400 nm in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether (DME). The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different initial pressures showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-ignition preparation (TIP) regions and decreased gradually as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. At higher intake pressures, HCHO absorbance decreased and OH absorbance increased. The time-resolved absorbance spectra of HCHO, with peaks at 316, 328, 340, and 354 nm for all combustion cycles, were evaluated and it was found that average absorption at 328 nm was slightly higher than at 316, 340, and 354 nm. For knocking combustion cycles, the absorbance of HCHO in the LTR region was high for cycles with low knock intensity and low for cycles with high knock intensity, showing a high level of OH absorbance. Chemical kinetics analyses showed that for different fuel/oxidiser ratios, initial O2 concentration and intake temperature had no effect on in-cylinder temperatures in the LTR or TIP regions. However, they did have significant effects on HTR combustion. In-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had less effect on HCHO and H2O2 formation than pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-591
Number of pages14
JournalFuel
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2017

Fingerprint

Formaldehyde
Hydroxyl Radical
Ignition
Ethers
Temperature
Engine cylinders
dimethyl ether
Reaction kinetics
Engines
Wavelength

Keywords

  • Dimethyl ether combustion
  • Formaldehyde
  • HCCI
  • Low-temperature combustion
  • OH
  • UV–vis light absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Characterisation of DME-HCCI combustion cycles for formaldehyde and hydroxyl UV–vis absorption. / Azimov, Ulugbek; Stylianidis, Nearchos; Kawahara, Nobuyuki; Tomita, Eiji.

In: Fuel, Vol. 210, 15.12.2017, p. 578-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We investigated time-resolved ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light absorbance to identify the formation behaviour of formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydroxyl (OH) within the wavelength range of 280–400 nm in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether (DME). The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different initial pressures showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-ignition preparation (TIP) regions and decreased gradually as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. At higher intake pressures, HCHO absorbance decreased and OH absorbance increased. The time-resolved absorbance spectra of HCHO, with peaks at 316, 328, 340, and 354 nm for all combustion cycles, were evaluated and it was found that average absorption at 328 nm was slightly higher than at 316, 340, and 354 nm. For knocking combustion cycles, the absorbance of HCHO in the LTR region was high for cycles with low knock intensity and low for cycles with high knock intensity, showing a high level of OH absorbance. Chemical kinetics analyses showed that for different fuel/oxidiser ratios, initial O2 concentration and intake temperature had no effect on in-cylinder temperatures in the LTR or TIP regions. However, they did have significant effects on HTR combustion. In-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had less effect on HCHO and H2O2 formation than pressure.",
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AU - Tomita, Eiji

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N2 - We investigated time-resolved ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light absorbance to identify the formation behaviour of formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydroxyl (OH) within the wavelength range of 280–400 nm in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether (DME). The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different initial pressures showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-ignition preparation (TIP) regions and decreased gradually as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. At higher intake pressures, HCHO absorbance decreased and OH absorbance increased. The time-resolved absorbance spectra of HCHO, with peaks at 316, 328, 340, and 354 nm for all combustion cycles, were evaluated and it was found that average absorption at 328 nm was slightly higher than at 316, 340, and 354 nm. For knocking combustion cycles, the absorbance of HCHO in the LTR region was high for cycles with low knock intensity and low for cycles with high knock intensity, showing a high level of OH absorbance. Chemical kinetics analyses showed that for different fuel/oxidiser ratios, initial O2 concentration and intake temperature had no effect on in-cylinder temperatures in the LTR or TIP regions. However, they did have significant effects on HTR combustion. In-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had less effect on HCHO and H2O2 formation than pressure.

AB - We investigated time-resolved ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light absorbance to identify the formation behaviour of formaldehyde (HCHO) and hydroxyl (OH) within the wavelength range of 280–400 nm in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine fuelled with dimethyl ether (DME). The time-resolved HCHO and OH profiles at different initial pressures showed that HCHO absorbance increased in the low-temperature reaction (LTR) and thermal-ignition preparation (TIP) regions and decreased gradually as the combustion approached the high-temperature reaction (HTR) region. At higher intake pressures, HCHO absorbance decreased and OH absorbance increased. The time-resolved absorbance spectra of HCHO, with peaks at 316, 328, 340, and 354 nm for all combustion cycles, were evaluated and it was found that average absorption at 328 nm was slightly higher than at 316, 340, and 354 nm. For knocking combustion cycles, the absorbance of HCHO in the LTR region was high for cycles with low knock intensity and low for cycles with high knock intensity, showing a high level of OH absorbance. Chemical kinetics analyses showed that for different fuel/oxidiser ratios, initial O2 concentration and intake temperature had no effect on in-cylinder temperatures in the LTR or TIP regions. However, they did have significant effects on HTR combustion. In-cylinder temperature in the LTR region had less effect on HCHO and H2O2 formation than pressure.

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