Objectives: To elucidate the changes in the distributions of fluorine-18-labelled fluoro-2- deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) accumulation in the tongue muscles of patients following four kinds of surgical operations for tongue cancers.Methods: The changes in the distributions of 18F-FDG accumulations in the tongue muscles on positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, in association with imaging findings on CT and MRI, were retrospectively analyzed before and after four kinds of surgical operations for 50 patients with tongue cancers.Results: 18F-FDG-PET-positive areas appeared at the back of the intrinsic muscles of the tongue after invasive surgery for tongue cancers despite the absence of abnormal findings on CT and MRI. A correlation between the standardized uptake value maximum of 18F-FDG in the intrinsic muscles and the degree of invasiveness of the surgical procedures for tongue cancers (r50.539, p,0.01) was found.Conclusions: It is important to pay attention to the changes in 18F-FDG distributions in the intrinsic muscles of the tongue before and after invasive surgery despite the absence of abnormal findings on CT and MRI when evaluating the tongue on 18F-FDG-PET.
- Tongue cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging